Stringed rackets and a hollow rubber ball is used in racquetball. Outdoor racquetball courts are set up a bit differently due to the fact that their is no ceiling outdoors. Therefore, there is no chance of a player accidentally hitting the ball on to a ceiling.
An outdoor racquetball court is comprised of a front wall, back wall, service line, receiving line and short line. In addition, a service zone and screen line double box is also part of the outdoor racquetball court.
The rules involving outdoor racquetball within the USA are fairly straight forward. The serving player is the person who essentially starts the game. The serving player must bounce the rubber ball on the floor no more than one time. If racquetball is being played outdoors then the ball must bounce off the ground just once. Once the rubber ball bounces of the ground , the ball must then be hit directly toward the front of the wall.
Hitting the side walls during a regular game is considered to be a “three wall serve”. A “three wall serve” is normally considered a fault. An outdoor racquetball court does not have a ceiling therefore the ceiling rule does not apply outdoors. Otherwise a ceiling serve is not permitted and would be considered a fault.
If the person serving the ball must hit the ball toward the front wall. If the server is not successful with this serve it will count against the server or the entire team. In addition, if the ball happens to bounce behind the short line an “in play” serve will be called. When an “in play” is called it is not good. Once the ball is considered to be “in play” the opposing player may then take his or her turn. Therefore, this mistake or blunder ends up benefiting the other team.
Essentially, the server is presented with two opportunities. The two opportunities include the first and the second serve. However, in some cases racquet ball rules only allow the server one opportunity to serve the ball.
After the ball is successfully served, the players alternate hitting the rubber ball against the front wall. All players are permitted for the ball to bounce once on the floor or ground (outside). Keep in mind, once the rubber ball is hit it must hit the front wall prior to striking the ground. If the rubber ball strikes the ground first then once again you have a fault. Faults do count against a player. A substantial number of faults can cause a team to lose.
If the server prevails in the initial game, then the player is awarded one point. Once the player receives one point they continue to serve the ball. If the opposition wins the initial rally then no points are scored. Even if no point is scored the opposition gets to take over serving responsibilities.
Racquetball games can be played with only two players. However, larger games can be played with up to six people. Three player games are sometimes referred to as “Ironman” games.
Serve styles in racquetball are either defensive serves or offensive type serves. Also, straight in shots are intended to hit the front wall as low as possible. Straight in slots are common techniques used in larger racquetball games.
A Z-shot is a shot used in highly competitive games. A Z-shot is intended to confuse the opposition. A Z-shot is aimed at the front wall however, the way the ball is served it easily bounces from front to side even sometimes hitting the ground. It is a tactic many players use in competitions to confuse a tired opponent. The Z-shot technique can be quite effective.
Racquetball is a popular sport which is played outdoors normally within the warmer months spring and summer. Indoor racquetball can be played virtually any time of the year.